© Spurensucher - 03.05.2020

Forsaken by all good spirits: The Ames Pyramid

The_Ames_Monument,_Sherman_gross

A man stands next to a pyramid-like monument with a face on it. Back label - C.R. Savage, art bazaar...medals...1891. The Ames Monument in Albany County, Wyoming, was entered into the National Register of Historic Places on July 24, 1972. It is said to have been created on the basis of a resolution passed by the shareholders of the Union Pacific Railroad Company at a meeting in Boston on March 10, 1875, in memory of Oakes Ames in recognition of his services in the construction of the Union Pacific Railroad Company. Image Source Wikimedia Commons

 

The Ames Pyramid is located about 32 km east of Laramie, Wyoming (USA), on a wind-blown treeless peak south of Interstate 80 at the Vedauwoo exit. Officially it is a monument, a four-sided rectangular pyramid with a square base of 20 m and a height of almost 20 m made of light domestic granite. Today we know: The pyramid has an inner passage, which is strangely sealed, it runs (at least) along the first lowest row of stones.

 

Nothing to see around here; Image Source Wikimedia Commons

The_Desolation_of_Ames_Monument-1_web

 

At the time of the railway boom in the middle of the 19th century, the brothers Oliver and Oakes Ames were important players in the railway industry. Their great plan was to build a transcontinental railway line, which today would be comparable to a trip to the moon. But despite the odds, the brothers made it happen, as Oakes raised funds from Washington in his role as a congressman, while Oliver took care of business as head of the Union Pacific Railroad. Unfortunately, the fame the brothers deserved was quickly overshadowed when Oakes became involved in a fraudulent scheme to finance the railroad. There is talk of corruption on a very large scale.

 

 866px-Oakes_Ames_-_Brady-Handy

 

Picture: Oakes Ames. Convicted of insider trading: In 1872, it became known that Ames was selling shares of Credit Mobilier to other members of Congress at a price far below market value. The ensuing public scandal led to an investigation by the House of Representatives, which formally recommended expulsion. On February 28, 1873, the House passed a resolution formally condemning Ames "for attempting to draw the attention of Congress to the affairs of a company in which he was interested and whose interest depended directly on Congress legislation by inducing members of Congress to invest in the shares of that company. Only a few months later, he was dead. Image Source Wikimedia.

 

 

A monument to crime?

After both their name and the name of the Union Pacific were tarnished by the scandal, the brothers thought of a way to clear their name. They hired the famous American architect Henry Hobson Richardson to erect a monument to their glorious work. For 65,000 dollars (more than a million dollars by today's standards) a pyramid was built on the highest point of the Transcontinental Railroad on a desolate track in Wyoming. The more than 20-meter-high structure shows specially made reliefs of the brothers, with Oliver's face looking west and Oakes looking east towards Washington.

 

Ames_Monument_Wyoming_web

Today's Ames Pyramid in the desert; Image Source Wikimedia Commons

 

The design of the pyramid and some technical data: The hewn granite blocks at the base weigh a few tons each and are each at least 1.50 x 2.50 meters. Richardson is said to have quarried extra pink granite boulders from the nearby Reed's Rock. The Norcross brothers are said to have been awarded the construction contract and started work in 1880. A small settlement was built in Sherman to house the 85 workers who were involved in completing the monument over the next two years. (Gambling and drinking were allegedly not allowed).

So the workers built the pyramid about 300 meters south of the tracks of their railway line on a small hill. When the Ames Monument was completed in 1882, it was 91 meters south and 9.8 meters above the highest point of the original track of the Union Pacific transcontinental railroad. President Rutherford B. Hayes underscored the importance of the transcontinental railroad, and thus of the Ames brothers, by attending the monument's dedication ceremony.

In 1885, William Murphy bought the land on which the monument was located with the intention of using the pyramid as an advertising lit column. The Union Pacific Railroad Company, however, had other plans. The company received a special deed for the land in 1889. (That's where the term "Murphy's Law" comes from) The railway company's decision to move the tracks twice further south to use more moderate gradients over the Laramie Mountains threatened Sherman's fragile existence a few hundred meters from the monument. The city's death knell sounded in 1918, and the railway company closed its station building and moved the tracks south about 5 km. The inhabitants left Sherman shortly after and left behind a small cemetery, which still exists today. The ghost town of Sherman was subsequently demolished and the monument was forgotten. If you stand on the hill at the foot of the Ames monument, you should still see remains of the old railway tracks. The foundations of the district house, the revolving stage, the second station and the water tank are also easy to find.

 

Postkarte_The-Ames-Monument

Ames Monument, ca. 1940 (postcard); Source

 

The destruction continued:
In the 1980s, the two portrait relief plates of Oakes and Oliver Ames by the greatest American sculptor of the time, Augustus Saint-Gaudens, were damaged by gunfire. The noses of the two brothers portrayed were particularly under fire..

 

Puzzles about backgrounds and construction


All in all, a strange chronology of contexts and events, as I personally find. Some mysteries are hidden in any case:

 

  • Why is the pyramid hollow and then sealed? Today it is claimed that the hollow spaces only saved labour and material. But actually the subject was completely unknown until very recently.
  • Then why did they gain access by force in 2010 and open the inner passage to the cavities? What was found there? It took at least 3 days to create an opening to the pyramid.

Plan_Ames

 

Plan of the interior tour and the cavities, according to the 2010 opening (source: video below)

 

Film contribution of the opening

 

 

 

  • Allegedly the sealing and the hollow interior structure was unknown since the construction: This was only discovered many years after the construction of the monument from an internal passageway, as the considerable erosion of the earth that affected the western foundation exposed a small hole that was enlarged to allow access. Although it was never intended to be a public entrance, young people from the surrounding area routinely crawled in to play sports, have parties or dare to go out, until it was sealed in the 1980s. What had possibly already been stolen there, if there was anything there, may remain unexplained.
  • I also find the quote from an architectural historian (Mark Wright) extremely strange: "Our understanding of the Ames monument is limited by our lack of understanding of the way it was built and its internal structure. Although the interior was not intended to be a publicly accessible space, if we open it briefly for study, it will allow us to experience how the internal structure and the sophisticated external geometry worked together in the mind of its extremely talented designer. It will also enable the state to better assess its structural condition".
  • Strangely enough, the architect Richardson only provided a design for the pyramid, but according to my research over 90% of the time he was never personally on site. Furthermore, he died in 1886, shortly after the alleged construction of the pyramid.
  • Oakes Ames died in 1873, his brother Oliver in 1877, and should their great ego have outlasted their lifetime to such an extent that the railway company really spared neither expense nor effort to become so active here?

 

Ames_Detail_web

Section to show the size ratio of man - granite cornerstone. How do you want it to be transported there? Image Wikimedia Commons. 

 

And the most important thing: I just can't get it into my head how the heavy granite blocks from Reed's Rock were put in place? After all, the distance was at least 800 meters. With horse carts? Strangely enough, neither the location of Reed's Rock (today's rock remains) can be found on a map nor construction photos of the pyramid. Instead, one finds some old photos of a possible construction site around the supposed rock group that served as a quarry.

 

1280px-Reeds_Rock,_near_Sherman._Laramie_range._Albany_County,_Wyoming._-_NARA_-_516611_webThere are almost no newer pictures. Reed's Rock 1869, Bildquelle Wikimedia Commons 

 

Presumed construction site photo or demolition site. For professional demolition from my point of view no proof yet. Too many questions remain open.

 

Baustelle_Abbruchstelle_Reeds_web

 

 

 

 

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